Monthly Archives: June 2013

A Pocket Guide To The Global Flood — A Book Review by Michael J. Findley

The Global Flood Pocket Guide: eBook

http://www.answersingenesis.org/store/product/global-flood-pocket-guide/?sku=90-3-019

There is a larger book with a similar title, The Global Flood, by Dr. John D. Morris on the same theme, providing essential information on the flood. While both books cover the same information from the same point of view, the larger book is more detailed and more technical.
The book A Pocket Guide To The Global Flood was written by four authors, according to the various chapters. Ken Ham and Tim Lovett collaborated on the first chapter, “Was There Really a World-wide Flood?” John Whitmore wrote the last chapter with another author: “Should Fragile Shell Fossils be Common?” The rest of the book is by Andrew A. Snelling. Andrew A. Snelling updated and rewrote the Whitcomb and Morris 1961 classic, The Genesis Flood.
The first chapter “Was There Really a World-wide Flood?” uses the same techniques we use in our series The Conflict of Ages. It provides a brief overview with the basic questions and answers based on the Word of God, but no details.
The first chapter by Andrew A. Snelling provides an overview of his topics. Each of the next chapters examine one point in more detail; “High and Dry Sea Creatures”, “The World’s Graveyard”, “Transcontinental Rock Layers”, “Sand Transported Cross-Country”, “No Slow and Gradual Erosion”, “Rock Layers Folded Not Fractured”, and finally “A Scientific Look at Catastrophic Plate Tectonics: A Catastrophic Breakup and The Origin of Oil”.
“Many creationist geologists now believe the catastrophic plate tectonics concept is very useful as the best explanation for how the Flood event occurred within the biblical framework for earth’s history.” This is historic science. We retain the biblical framework for earth’s history and use the best explanation with the most current scientific information available. This is the correct attitude. More information might cause us to re-evaluate plate tectonics. But the biblical framework does not change.
“A catastrophic model of plate tectonics (as proposed by creation scientists) easily overcomes the problems of the slow and gradual model (as proposed by most evolutionist scientists).”
John Whitmore’s final chapter in the technical section is somewhat puzzling to me. Uniformitarians do believe in catastrophes, just as creationists do. “Near the end of the Devonian, a mass extinction event occurred.” http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/devonian/devonian.php They simply believe the catastrophes occurred millions of years ago. So John Whitmore’s statement just before his conclusion is puzzling. “One explanation that they did not consider, that would readily explain their results, is the catastrophic formation of much of the fossil record.” Uniformitarians actually believe there were five mass extinction events, as they call them. skepticalscience.com/Earths-five-mass-extinction-events
This is not a new or recent change in their position. The 1940s Disney movie Fantasia has a sequence depicting evolution set to Stravinski’s Rite of Spring. During this sequence, they show the dinosaurs being killed by a catastrophe something like the flood at the end of the Jurassic Period. The issue is not how, but when.
The flood timeline near the end of A Pocket Guide To The Global Flood is helpful, but requires some thoughtful examination. The final chapter “The Flood and the Gospel”, is something many works on the flood lack. Many Christians fail to understand exactly why this material is so important. The personal application is very good.

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Throwing Out Our Tobiahs and Pulling Some Hair — by Mary C. Findley

Nehemiah makes his petition to Artaxerxes - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org     In Nehemiah 13, Nehemiah had to leave Jerusalem for a time after the rebuilding of the temple and the city. In the previous chapter repentance and cleansing had followed public reading of the Scriptures. Nehemiah apparently thought it would be safe to go back to serving the king of Persia in Susa for awhile.Two men had given the people trouble rebuilding, Sanballat and Tobiah, including death threats against Nehemiah.

When he came back to Jerusalem again, however, he discovered that people who were supposed to be serving God full-time were out farming. Why? Because the provisions they were supposed to get had been cut off. Why were the provisions cut off? Because somebody had taken over the storeroom for those things and made it into an apartment for his relative. Who was his relative? Tobiah.

Tobiah was an Ammonite. The Ammonites were people who had refused to help the Israelites when they came out of Egypt. So God said in His law that Ammonites were not welcome in the Congregation of Israel. Yet one of them was living in the Temple, taking up space that was supposed to be for the storage of food for God’s servants. Nehemiah threw out everything that belonged to Tobiah and put back everything that was for God’s servants.

Rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem under Nehemiah - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org

Later Nehemiah found people who had married foreign women and had children who didn’t even know how to speak Hebrew, the language of the country where they lived. Nehemiah pulled these mens’ hair and reminded them that marrying foreign women, unless they became true servants of God, was forbidden.

At the end of the book of Nehemiah, and in several other places, Nehemiah prays that God will “remember me for good.” Christians today are taught to be tolerant, to accept everybody, to love everybody, but that’s not how Nehemih operated. He threw people out. He pulled some hair. He knew that you can’t serve God halfway, that you can’t just obey Him halfway. It’s all or nothing.

It’s true that we are not under the law, but under grace, and that God loves everyone and wants to see them come to Him. It’s also true that God is holy and needs His church and His people protected from corruption.

These sins — mingling with foreigners who didn’t want to change to follow God — resulted in the captivity the Israelites just returned from. Foreigners prevented God’s servants from getting what they needed to live and turned their husbands’ and childrens’ hearts away from service to God. Nehemiah threw them out, and maybe it’s time for us to throw out the corrupting influences in our churches.

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Radiometric Dating Doesn’t Mean “Dating” — Michael J. Findley

File:Thorium decay chain from lead-212 to lead-208.svg
If someone collects a sample, brings it to a laboratory for radiometric testing and gets scientific results, the answer is a ratio of parent isotope to daughter isotope. That is it, plain and simple.
My apologies to those who follow our blog regularly, but this is a somewhat of a repeat. I believe that one of my errors is attempting to cover too much territory in one blog, so this is just one point.
We are assuming that the samples were collected properly, handled properly and tested properly. There was no falsification of the data, either intentionally or accidentally. If pieces of the same samples where taken to another reputable laboratory, we would get the same results.
The results would be the ratio of parent isotope to daughter isotope. It might be simplified 25:75 meaning twenty-five percent of the sample was the parent isotope and the remaining seventy-five percent of the sample was the daughter isotope.
With better equipment, the result might be more precise, such as 24.543:75.457. Whatever the precision of the test equipment, the final result is still a ratio. What do those ratios mean?
A simple Google search of geology.com reveals the following quote. “Certainly we all know that there were different conditions in the Precambrian, which makes up 88% of all geologic time. We know that the interior of the early Earth was much hotter than that of today, for a number of reasons. For example, heat production due to radioactive decay at 4 Ga was ~3x that of today. Other causes of early heating include heat of accretion, the Sun’s T-tauri event (beginning of H fusion), core differentiation, and the Mars-size impact events. How much hotter was the early Earth? We don’t know but we do know that there are vanishingly few rocks from the first 800 Ma of Earth’s history, as expected for a hot early Earth.”
When did Plate Tectonics begin on Earth, and what came before?
Posted by geosociety under Structural Geology and Tectonics
http://geosociety.wordpress.com/2013/04/28/when-did-plate-tectonics-begin-on-earth-and-what-came-before/
This quote is used because of the first four words “Certainly we know…” How is it possible to know about the Precambrian period? The other important point is that this is not an isolated comment. While I found this in geology.com., similar certainty about dating samples that are pronounced to be millions of years old can be found in genetics.com, nationalgeographics.com, nature.com, scientificamerican.com and any other mainstream science journal.
When asked, “How did you arrive at these dates?” the answer is usually, “radiometric dating”. Since, as this article started out, properly conducted radiometric tests return ratios, not dates, how do these ratios turn into dates? In other words, we are back to the question, what do these ratios mean?
All radiometric dating methods depend on radioactive decay taking place at a known, constant rate. For example, the known constant of Uranium235 to Lead is a half-life of 703.8 million years. That means, if the original sample of Uranium235 was one hundred percent, and the sample at the time of testing was 50%, then the sample would be 703.8 million years old. It would take another 703.8 million years to convert half of the remaining Uranium235 to lead. So a sample that had 25% Uranium235 and 75% lead would have gone through two half lives and would be 1407.6 million years old. It is a simple progression and easily charted. Half of the remaining 25% of the Uranium235 would be converted to lead in another 703.8 million years. So the ratio can tell you how far down the chart your sample is.
And that look-up point on the chart is the date published in the science journals. According to “Science” today, that is the end of the story. But this article is what Paul Harvey used to call “the rest of the story.”
For our example sample to actually be 1407.6 million years old, two assumptions must be true. First, the sample began as 100% Uranium235 1407.6 million years ago, without any lead. Second, nothing happened to change the rate of decay during that 1407.6 million year time period.
In answer to the uniformitarian complaint that nothing can interfere with the rate of decay, measure the radiation levels around the Bikini atolls, Nagasaki, Hiroshima, or any other high radiation site. Laboratories all over the world refine radioactive isotopes. Laboratories can also covert one material to another, such as converting uranium to plutonium.
The uniformitarian response is that such an alteration in nuclear decay rates would cause mass extinction. (Such as the flood?) Even uniformitarians admit to several mass extinctions, such as the end of the Devonian period. Mass extinctions happened and almost certainly altered global decay rates.
But the important problem to the uniformitarian is the preschool question, “Were you there?” We have no information about, nor is it possible to get, any information about the original condition of the sample.
In the beginning God created. This is the real answer. It neither requires vast amounts of time nor knowing every possible change in every possible sample. This simple answer confounds those who want the world to be millions of years old because they do not want to be responsible to a holy God.

Illustration source: Wikimedia Commons Diagram of the thorium decay chain from lead-212 to lead-208. Each parent nuclide spontaneously decays into a daughter nuclide (the decay product) via an α decay or a β− decay. Note that bismuth-212 can either decay into polonium-212 or thallium-208. The final decay product, lead-208, is stable and can no longer undergo spontaneous radioactive decay. This image was created as part of the Philip Greenspun illustration project. Date 25 August 2008
Source: Own work Author Eugene Alvin Villar (seav)

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